History

ShatranjChess is a very old game. It is widely acknowledged that chess originated from India some time around 500-600 BC. Its original form was the four-player war-related board game Chaturaji (also known as Chaturanga), with which modern chess still shares many similarities.

The standardised rules we know today were predominantly established by 1475, when concepts regarding pawn promotion, the replacement of the ‘counselor’ for the queen, and bishop movement were finalised. Two other major rule changes – castling and en passant, where known in the 15th century, but did not gain mainstream acceptance until the 18th century. Minor alterations to the rules occurred all the way up to the mid 19th century.

I give a brief overview of the timeline of chess development in one of my previous articles.

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